|| Saccharomyces cerevisiae|
||Of practical use|
||Genus name: sugar fungus.
Species epithet: from beer.
||S. cerevisiae is facultatively anaerobic. Ethanol and carbon dioxide are generated by fermentation.|
|Reproduction:|| S. cerevisiae reproduces asexually through budding like other yeasts, but can also form
ascospores and reproduce sexually.|
||Like other yeasts, S. cerevisiae has a relatively short generation time (1.25-2 hours).|
||A variant of S. cerevisiae , known as S. boulardii and which is included in certain probiotics, has, however, been shown to account for about 40% of human saccharomycoses.
|Hosts/substrate||Disease/effect||Clinical picture or result|
|Humans with a weakened immune system.||Saccharomycosis||Some strains of S. cerevisiae can, in unfortunate and very unusual circumstances, cause invasive infection in humans.|
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||# of chrom||Size (Mbp)|
|GCF_000146045 ||S288C ||17 ||12.2 |
|Mitochondrial DNA sequence:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of BP|
|NC_027264 ||NCYC3594 ||78 917 |
|18S rRNA Seq:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT|
|NG_063315 ||NRRL Y-12632 ||1730 |
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT||Genes|
|NR_111007 ||CBS 1171TM ||752 ||18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2 |
|Comment:||Used for the production of wine and beer and for baking. Also very useful as a model system for eukaryotic cells in cell biology. S. cerevisiae was the first eukaryotic organism for which the entire genome was sequenced in 1996.|
||Saccharomyces Genome Database|