Species/Subspecies: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Category: Of practical use
Etymology: Genus name: sugar fungus.
Species epithet: from beer.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
AscomycotaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
 
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology:
Metabolism: S. cerevisiae is facultatively anaerobic. Ethanol and carbon dioxide are generated by fermentation.
Reproduction:Förökar sig enbart asexuellt genom avknoppning liksom andra jästsvampar.
Spec. Char.:
Disease/effect: A variant of S. cerevisiae , known as S. boulardii and which is included in certain probiotics, have been shown to account for about 40% of human saccharomycoses.
Hosts/materialDisease/effectClinical picture or result
Humans with a weakened immune system.SaccharomycosisSome strains of S. cerevisiae can, in unfortunate and very unusual circumstances, cause invasive infection in humans.
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)
GCF_000146045 S288C 17 12.2 

Mitochondrial DNA sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of BP
NC_027264 NCYC3594 78 917 
Circular DNA

18S rRNA Seq:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NT
NG_063315 NRRL Y-12632 1730 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Comment:Used for the production of wine and beer and for baking. Also very useful as a model system for eukaryotic cells in cell biology. S. cerevisiae was the first eukaryotic organism for which the entire genome was sequenced in 1996.
Reference(s): No. 52
Link: Saccharomyces Genome Database
Updated:2021-06-23

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