|| Phytophthora infestans|
||Plant pathogen; spoilage organism|
||Genus name: plant destruction.|
Species epithet: infecting.
|Significance:||The economic losses caused by the organism to crops worldwide and over the course of a year have been estimated at $ 6 billion.
||It is believed that the disease originally appeared in the central highlands of Mexico and has since spread to North America and Europe.The disease also occurs in Asia, but not in Australia.
| ||Note that members of phylum Oomycota do not belong to the actual fungi (Kingdom: Fungi), but belong to a separate group (Kingdom: Chromista), which are also called water moulds (or water molds).|
|Hosts/material||Disease/effect||Clinical picture or result|
|Tomato and potato plants, but also other members of the family Solanaceae.||Late blight or potato blight.||The whole plant can be affected, i.e. stems, inflorescence, leaves and any tubers (e.g. potatoes). This oomycete forms a sparse mold-like lint at the edge of brown spots, which appear mainly on the lower surface of the foliage. Potatoes that are affected get reddish-brown spots on the skin and if you divide the potatoes, you see an irregular reddish-brownish and dry rot.|
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||# of chrom||Size (Mbp)||Ref|
|GCF_000142945 ||T30-4 ||11-13 ||190.1 ||# 56|
|Mitochondrial DNA sequence:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of BP||Ref|
|NC_002387 ||West Virginia 4 ||37 957 ||# 63|
|18S rRNA Seq:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT|
|KC677790 ||PIP30 ||909 |
||Note that this group of organisms does not belong to the kingdom Fungi but instead to the kingdom Chromista, and it is believed that they are closely related to brown algae and diatoms.