|| Trichosporon cutaneum|
||Animal pathogen; human pathogen; of practical use|
||Genus name: hairy seed.
Species epithet: of the skin.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Trichosporon beigelii, Cutaneotrichosporon cutaneum|
|Significance:||This yeast fungus has no major medical significance.
[Of minor importance]
|Reproduction:||Reproduction is asexual and occurs by budding of arthroconidia. No sexual stage has been demonstrated.|
||Infections of Trichosporon sp. are uncommon in individuals with normal immune systems. Sometimes it is uncertain which of the species is the cause of an infection.
|Hosts/substrate||Disease/effect||Clinical picture or result|
|Horse and monkeys||Skin mycosis||Superficial cutaneous infections.|
|Cattle||Mastitis||Inflammation of the udder.|
|Cat||Trichosporonosis||Nasal granuloma, cystitis and disseminated trichosporonosis.|
|Humans||Skin mycosis and white piedra||Superficial cutaneous infections and hair shaft infections, respectively.|
|Immunocompromised humans||Trichosporonosis||Disseminated trichosporonosis.|
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||# of chrom||Size (Mbp)|
|GCA_001600715 ||JCM 1462 || ||22.8 |
|18S rRNA Seq:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT|
|NG_061162 ||CBS 2466 ||1654 |
||More than 50 species have been described within the genus Trichosporon and the following are assumed to be able to cause trichosporonosis: T. asahii, T. asteroides, T. cutaneum, T. dermatis, T. dohaense, T. inkin, T. loubieri, T. mucoides, and T. ovoides. Many of these species were earlier named T. beigelii, which is now an obsolete name.
|Practical use:||T. cutaneum can be used for lipid production from biomass containing lignin and cellulose. Can also be used to degrade phenol and adsorb cadmium.|
|Comment:||Sometimes you see T. cutaneum mentioned among dermatophytes, but it is not normally considered as such.|