Species/Subspecies: Penicillium rubens
Category: Of practical use
Etymology: Genus name: paint brush.
Species epithet: ?
Alternative Species Name(s):Penicillium notatum
Significance:  [Very important]   
Macromorphology (smell): Forms large colonies, which can grow all over the agar plate. The colour is grayish in the middle and greenish gray-blue closer to the edge and then whitish at the edge. The surface of the colony is soft and velvety
Micromorphology: The conidia are smooth-walled, ellipsoidal and 2.5-4 µm in length.
Spec. Char.:
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)Ref
GCF_000226395 Wisconsin 54-1255 32.2 # 5

Mitochondrial DNA sequence:  -
18S rRNA Seq:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NT
KX610147 H13 1167 
Partial sequence

ITS regions:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NTGenes
NR_111815 CBS 129667 585 18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA 

Comment:P. rubens was first described in 1923 and it is the species from which Alexander Fleming discovered the antibioticum penicillin. For this discovery he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1945.

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences