Species/Subspecies: Pithomyces chartarum
Categories: Animal pathogen; plant pathogen; toxic for animals
Etymology: Genus name: soft fungus.
Species epithet: paper.
Significance:  [Important]   
Geographic distribution: Occurs globally, but prefers a subtropical climate.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Has thick-walled spores (10-20 x 20-30 µm in diameter) with both longitudinal and transverse septa.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts/substrateDisease/effectClinical picture or result
Sheep and cattle and other ungulates, which are gracing.Facial eczemaThe animals get jaundice because sporidesmin is liver toxic. This can also lead to photosensitivity, which in turn leads to inflammation in unpigmented skin and in the worst case liver necrosis.
Ryegrass and white clover.-The fungus grows on dead plant material and produces a mycotoxin, sporidesmin.
Genome Sequence: There is no whole genome sequence reported.
Mitochondrial DNA sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of BP
NC_035636  68 926 
Circular DNA

18S rRNA Seq:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NT
KR909141.1 ALT2 605 
Partial sequence

ITS regions:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NTGenes
GU073119 DH08111quan1 593 18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA 


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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences