Species/Subspecies: Aspergillus penicillioides
Categories: Human pathogen; of practical use; spoilage organism
Etymology: Genus name: to scatter.
Species epithet: similar to Penicillium.
Significance:  [Important]   
Geographic distribution: The fungus occurs globally.
Macromorphology (smell): The fungus grows poorly on many artificial substrates. However, the white colonies can reach a size of up to 15 mm in diameter on G25N agar and on M40Y agar the colonies can reach a size of about 55 mm in diameter after 3 weeks at room temperature.
Spec. Char.: This species is one of the most xerophilic fungi.
Disease/effect: The "sick building syndrome" may be due to the presence of A. penicillioides and other fungi and their spores in the air.
Hosts/substrateDisease/effectClinical picture or result
Cacao and coffee beans, cereal, fruits, raw sugar and seeds.SpoilageDecay discolouration, loss of germination, loss of aroma and mustiness.
HumansAllergic rhinitis (hay fever)Symtoms similar to common cold, but no fever.
Books and art works on old paper.Biodeterioration (foxing)Reddish-brown spots.
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)Ref
CBS 540.65  26.4 # 45
The sequence does not seem to be published.

18S rRNA Seq:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NT
AF548066 ALI 231 1692 

ITS regions:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NTGenes
NR_131285 NRRL 4548TM 642 ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA 

Comment:A. penicillioides is used to treat petrochemical waste products in the form of organic acids.

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences