|| Fusarium solani|
||Human pathogen; plant pathogen; toxic for animals|
||Genus name: spindle.
Species epithet: from the plan genus Solanum.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||(Haemato-)Nectria haematococca, is the name of the fungus in the teleomorphic stage.|
|Significance:||F. solani is a serious economic problem in North and South Amerika
||Worldwide occurrence in food, indoor environments, soils, and on a wide range of plants and animals.
|Forms white cotton-like colonies, which turn blue-green or bluish-brown in the center. From below, the plate looks red-brown.
||The macroconidia are curved, broad and hyaline (transparent). They usually have three septa and often form aggregates. The microconidia are oval or cylindrical, hyaline (transparent) and usually lack septa.
||Fungal keratitis can be caused by about 70 different species within the genera Aspergillus, Candida and Fusarium.
|Hosts/substrate||Disease/effect||Clinical picture or result|
|Cattle||Mouldy sweet potato toxicose||Respiratory distress (dyspnoea) due to interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary oedema. This fungus may also cause sudden death.|
|Young turtles, crocodiles, sea lions and grey seals||Cutaneous infektions|
|Plants (beans, cucurbits, peas and potatoes)||Soft rot||The roots of the host plant will rot and the whole plant may be affected|
|Human||Fungal keratitis||Blurred vision, red and paiful eyes. May result in blindness.|
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||# of chrom||Size (Mbp)||Ref|
|GCA_002215905.1 ||JS-169 || ||45.8 ||# 71|
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT||Genes|
|NR_163531 ||CBS 140079TM ||632 ||18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA |
||F. solani is a complex of approx. 25 closely related filamentous fungi in the family Nectriaceae.
|Comment:||F. solani does not produce mycotoxins, but if sweet potatoes are infected, 4-ipomeanol (pulmonary oedema factor) is produced by the sweet potatoes.|