Species/Subspecies: Chaetomium globosum
Categories: Human pathogen; of practical use
Etymology: Genus name: ?
Species epithet: globe-shaped.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Macromorphology (smell):
Chaetomium globosum 
Spec. Char.: C. globosum is a mesophilic mold, which obtains its nutrition by breaking down dead plant material with the help of a cellulase, which is secreted from the hyphae.
Reservoir: Dung, plants, soil, straw etc.
Disease/effect: May in rare cases cause opportunistic infections in humans.
Hosts/substrateDisease/effectClinical picture or result
HumansUngual mycosis and neurological infections.
Virulence Factors: C. globosum produces the mycotoxins emodins, chrysophanols, chaetoglobosins, chetomins and chaetoviridins. Chetomins are toxic to mammals and gram-positive bacteria. Plants, which are infected by C. globosum can therefore resist certain plant diseases caused by bacteria.
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)
GCA_000143365 CBS 148.51  33.7 

ITS regions:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NTGenes
NR_144851 CBS 160.62TM 529 ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA 

Taxonomy/phylogeny: There are about 100 species within the genus Chaetomium.
Practical use:C. globosum is endophytic for many plants and can thus inhibit the growth of certain pathogenic bacteria, which can be exploited in agriculture.

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences