Species/Subspecies: Giberella zeae
Categories: Plant pathogen; toxic for animals; toxic for humans
Etymology: Genus name: ???
Species epithet: ???
Alternative Species Name(s):Fusarium graminearum, som är namnet på svampen i det anamorfa stadiet.
Significance:This fungus is of great economic importance due to reduced crop yields and contamination of mycotoxins.
  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
AscomycotaSordariomycetesHypocrealesNectriaceaeGibberella
 
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology:
Reproduction:
Spec. Char.:
Disease/effect:Fusarium head blight (FHB) which is a devastating disease on wheat and barley.
Hosts/material: Barley, maize, rice and wheat.
Clinical Picture: Infected grains become wrinkled and the remains will contain mycotoxins, which can poison livestock and humans.
Virulence Factors: The mycotoxins deoxydivalenol (inhibits protein biosynthesis) and zearalenone (estrogenic mycotoxin). These mycotoxins can cause vomiting, liver damage and reproductive disorders in livestock, but are also dangerous to humans.

As a plant pathogen, this fungus produces cell wall-degrading enzymes and toxins.

Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)Ref
GCF_000240135 PH-1 36.6 # 31

Mitochondrial DNA sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of BPRef
NC_009493  95 676 # 61
Cirkulärt DNA

18S rRNA Seq:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NT
DQ459817 NRRL5883 1131 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Reference(s): No. 32, 34
Updated:2021-06-23

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences