Species/Subspecies: Penicillium crustosum
Categories: Toxic for animals; toxic for humans; spoilage organism
Etymology: Genus name: paint brush.
Species epithet: with a hard rind.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
AscomycotaEurotiomycetesEurotialesTrichocomaceaePenicillium
 
Macromorphology (smell): P. crustosum is a blue-green or blue-grey mold
Micromorphology:
Reproduction:
Spec. Char.: P. crustosum is a psychrophile.
Disease/effect:
Hosts/materialDisease/effectClinical picture or result
DogPoisoning (mycotoxicosis)Vomiting, tremors and ataxia.
HumansPoisoning (mycotoxicosis)Transient neurological symptoms such as tremors.
Protein-rich foods (for instance cheese and meat) and feed stuff.Spoilage.May cause poisoning after consumption.
Virulence Factors: Produces the mycotoxins penitrems A through G, nephrotoxins, ochratoxins and citrinin. Can also produce the mycotoxins thomitrems A and E as well as roquefortin.
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)
GCA_014621375 G10  31.3 

Mitochondrial DNA sequence:  -
18S rRNA Seq:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NT
EF634386 NRRL 35195 1144 
Partial sequence

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Reference(s): No. 49
Updated:2021-06-23

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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences