|| Aspergillus flavus|
||Animal pathogen; human pathogen; toxic for animals; toxic for humans; spoilage organism|
||Genus name: to scatter.
Species epithet: yellow.
|The colonies are usually powdery with lots of yellow-green spores on the top and reddish-yellow on the underside.
||A. flavus is thermotolerant and has rapid growth up to 55 °C. Can grow slowly up to 59 °C.|
|Hosts/substrate||Disease/effect||Clinical picture or result|
|Peanuts, corn kernels, seeds from oil and legumes as well as cereals, nuts and dates, etc.||Storage damage||Rot|
|Animals and humans with a weakened immune system.||Aspergillosis||Respiratory infection|
|Animals (e.g. cattle, pigs, poultry and dogs) and humans||Aflatoxicosis||Hepatotoxicity (liver cancer), immunosuppression, mutagenes, teratogenes, carcinogenes.|
||Usually produces only flatoxin B1 and B2, which are important mycotoxins. May also produce some other mycotoxins, such as cyclopiazonic acid, gliotoxin, kojic acid and sterigmatocystin. However, All strains of A. flavus does not produce all mycotoxins and there are strains that do not produce mycotoxins at all.|
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||# of chrom||Size (Mbp)|
|GCA_014117465 ||NRRL3357 ||8 ||37.0 |
|Mitochondrial DNA sequence:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of BP|
|NC_026920 ||TCM2014 ||31 602 |
|18S rRNA Seq:
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT|
|MG251740 ||AD-Jt-1 ||1275 |
|ACC-No GenBank||Strain/Isolate||Number of NT||Genes|
|NR_111041 ||ATCC 16883TM ||595 ||18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA |