Species/Subspecies: Rhizopus oryzae
Categories: Human pathogen; toxic for animals; toxic for humans; of practical use; spoilage organism
Etymology: Genus name: root.
Species epithet: rice.
Alternative Species Name(s):Rhizopus arrhizus
Significance:  [Unclassified]   
Geographic distribution: R. oryzae occurs in large parts of the world.
Macromorphology (smell):
Rhizopus oryzae 
Fast growing and a colony can grow all over the agar plate in 4 days. The colony is first white, but then turns gray and finally yellowish-brown. The structure is cotton candy-like.
Rhizopus oryzaeRhizopus oryzaeRhizopus oryzae
Spec. Char.:
Reservoir: Soil, manure and rotting vegetation.
Hosts/substrateDisease/effectClinical picture or result
CattleMycotic abortionAbortion during the late part av the gestation
Humans with weakened immune defenceMucoromycosisThe symptoms depend on where in the body the infection takes place, but hyphae grow into the blood vessels around the area of infection (angioinvasion). Angioinvasion leads to thrombosis and necrosis in the infected area.
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)
JNEF00000000.1 97-1192  42.9 

ITS regions:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NTGenes
NR_103595 CBS 112.07TM 610 18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA 
The sequence is said to originate from Rhizopus arrhizus, which probably is another name for Rhizopus oryzae.

Comment:Used for the production of the enzymes glucoamylase and lipase.
Reference(s): No. 80

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