Species/Subspecies: Fusarium verticillioides
Categories: Toxic for animals; toxic for humans; spoilage organism
Etymology: Genus name: spindle.
Species epithet: ?
Alternative Species Name(s):Fusarium moniliforme
Significance:F. verticillioides is an important pathogen of maize.
Geographic distribution: Occurs throughout the world, but preferably in humid, tropical and subtropical areas.
Macromorphology (smell):
Fusarium verticillioides 
Colonies can cover an entire PDA plate after one week of incubation and are white to pale salmon red.
Fusarium verticillioidesFusarium verticillioides
The macroconidia are slender, almost straight and 40-50 µm long. The microconidia are 7-10 µm long and are produced in chains from phialid cells, which are monophialids. I.e. the microconidia are formed only from one opening in the phialid cell.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts/substrateDisease/effectClinical picture or result
Maize, millet, rice, sorghum, etc.Rot in different parts of the plant
Plant eating animals, e.g.:Mycotoxicosis
HorseEquine leukoencephalomalaciFatal necrotic lesions in the cerebrum
PigPorcine Pulmonary Edema (PPE) or mystery swine diseaseDiarrhea, weight loss, increased liver weight and poor performance
Virulence Factors: Fumonisins (mycotoxins), which are carcinogenic
Genome Sequence:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/Isolate# of chromSize (Mbp)Ref
GCA_003316975 BRIP14953 11 42.5 # 82

ITS regions:
ACC-No GenBankStrain/IsolateNumber of NTGenes
KU872822 AFIC16 1144 18S rRNA, ITS 1, 5.8S rRNA, ITS 2, 28S rRNA 

Reference(s): No. 81

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